CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2020-21
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus is prepared to provide you with a complete conceptual clarity of the subject that would help you in pursuing professional courses after Class 12. CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus 2020-21 exposes you to various new and competitive areas of Chemistry such as biomolecules, synthetic materials, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and industrial chemistry.
CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for Chemistry comprises 16 Units or Chapters that include topics such as solutions, chemical kinetics, haloalkanes, amines, biomolecules, polymers and chemistry in everyday life. Class 12th Chemistry syllabus 2020-21 not only contains the list of topics that are to be studied under each unit but also provides the marks allocated to the units along with the number of periods to be spent on each unit. All this has been decided by keeping in mind the prior knowledge and aptitude of Class 12 students like you.
The evaluation schemes for internal as well as external exams are also provided by CBSE in Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2020-21. The number of practicals and their topics are provided in the syllabus. You also have to complete a project for which the guidelines are provided in the syllabus. At last, the syllabus also provides the question paper design along with the types of questions that would appear in the exams. For your assistance, Instasolv has provided the unit-wise Class 12 Chemistry syllabus and Chemistry practical syllabus 2020-21.
CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry 2020-21: Chapter-wise
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 1: The Solid State
In this unit, you will be studying the different characteristics of solid-state, crystalline and amorphous solids, crystal lattice, packaging of particles in solids, voids in solids, how imperfections in solids can affect their properties, along with the electrical and magnetic properties of solids. Study time of 10 periods has been allocated to this unit.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 2: Solutions
This unit of CBSE syllabus for CBSE Class 12 will give you a complete idea of different types of solutions and concentration of different solutions. You will study two important rules in this unit – Henry’s law and Raoult’s law. You will learn how to calculate the molar mass of the solutions, along with osmotic pressure, freezing and boiling points. You are expected to complete this unit in 10 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 3: Electrochemistry
This unit will help you learn how electricity can be used to perform chemical reactions. The main topics of this unit are electrochemical cells, galvanic cells, measurement of electrochemical potential, molar conductivity of solutions, Kohlrausch law and its applications, and ionic and electronic conductivity. You should complete this unit in 12 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics
This unit is essential for your fundamental understanding of how chemical reactions take place. You will study the rate of occurrence of chemical reactions, how the rate of occurrence changes the concentration of reactants, what are elementary and complex reactions, what is rate constant, how the rate of reaction depends on the concentration, catalysts, and temperature, and rate constants of first and zero-order chemical reactions.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 5: Surface Chemistry
This unit is a part of industrial chemistry where you will learn how chemical reactions occur on the surface of solid catalysts. The main topics of this unit include physical and chemical adsorption, factors affecting adsorption, catalysts, Freundlich adsorption isotherms, emulsions, how colloids are purified and prepared, and the Tyndall effect and Brownian movement. This unit is to be completed in 8 periods. You will find a complete list of topics included in this unit in the latest CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus 2020-21.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
In this unit, you will learn about metallurgical processes and how Indian traditions have contributed to these processes. You will come across various important chemical terms in this unit like minerals, concentration, ores, benefaction, calcination, roasting, and refining. You will study the extraction process of Aluminium, Zinc and Iron. You will learn about Carbon Monoxide being used as a reducing agent and why the isolation of elements requires certain specific reducing agents only. This unit is to be completed in 8 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 7: p-Block Elements
You have already learned the properties of p-block elements of Group 13 and Group 14 in CBSE Class 11. Now, in Class 12, you will study about p-block elements of Groups 15, 16, 17 and 18. Specific topics include properties, uses and preparation of dinitrogen, dioxygen, chlorine, and hydrochloric acid, allotropic forms of sulphur, noble gases, and how the p-block elements are useful for us. You must study this unit in 12 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 8: d-and f-Block Elements
Now, after studying the p-block elements thoroughly, CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus will introduce you to d- and f-block elements of the periodic table. You will learn where these elements are located in the periodic table and what are their electronic configurations. You will also study the structures, preparation and properties of some important compounds of d- and f-block elements. You will understand the general characteristics of d- and f-block elements especially Lanthanoids and Actinoids. CBSE recommends completing this unit in 12 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit: Coordination Compounds
This unit is an important part of inorganic, industrial and bio-organic chemistry. The unit begins with the study of Werner’s theory of coordination compounds. You will be learning different chemical terms like coordination number, oxidation number, coordination entity, central atom, central ion and coordination sphere.
Other topics of this unit include valence bonds, the nomenclature of coordination compounds, how coordination compounds are used in daily life, isomerism in coordination compounds and crystal field theories. This unit is to be completed in 12 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
In this unit, you will learn what are haloalkanes and haloarenes, their nomenclature, reactions involved in their preparation, various reactions, and the structure of haloalkanes and haloarenes. You will also learn about grano-metallic compounds and polyhalogen compounds. Understanding their environmental effects and uses is an important part of this unit. 10 periods have been allocated to this unit.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
You must have used fragrances, detergents and antiseptics in daily life. This unit will make you understand how these things are created with the help of alcohols, phenols and ethers. At first, you will learn about the nomenclature of alcohols, phenols and ethers.
Then, you will understand how alkenes, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids are used to make alcohols; how haloarenes, benzene sulphonic acids, diazonium salts and cumene are used to make phenols and how alcohols and alkyl halides and sodium alkoxides/aryloxides are used to prepare ethers. You will also learn about the properties and various chemical reactions of alcohols, phenols and ethers. This unit is to be completed in 10 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 12: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
This chapter is a very important part of organic chemistry. Here, you will learn the nomenclature of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids and what are carbonyl and carboxyl groups. You will also learn how aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids are prepared and what are their physical properties and chemical structures.
This unit also describes the uses of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids. You also will be studying some selected reactions of aldehydes and ketones. This unit is to be completed in 10 periods as recommended in the CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2020-21.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 13: Amines
Amines are of great importance in producing medicines and fibres. At first, you will learn about the structure of amines and how they are classified as primary amines, tertiary amines and secondary amines. The unit will also introduce you to some common names of amines. Other important topics of this unit include preparation of amines, their properties, preparation of diazonium salts. This unit has been allocated a study time of 10 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 14: Biomolecules
This unit is a part of biochemistry and will help you learn how chemical reactions help in the correct functioning of the human body. In this unit, you will learn about various molecules like carbohydrates, nucleic acids, vitamins and proteins. You will learn about their structure and properties. You will also learn what role these biomolecules play in the biosystem. This unit is to be studied in 12 periods.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 15: Polymers
This unit will give you detailed insights into polymerization. You will come across various important concepts like monomers, polymers, types of polymers, and their structures. You will learn about some important synthetic polymers such as plastic and nylon and will study different polymerization reactions. This unit has been allocated 8 periods of study time.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life
This is probably the smallest unit in CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus. This unit will help you identify how chemistry is important in everyday life. You will study how chemicals are used in medicines, cleaning agents, and food along with their properties, preparations, nomenclature, structure and usage.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Practical Syllabus 2020-21
CBSE provides the complete list of practicals for Class 12 Chemistry. There are 11 categories of experiments that include:
- Surface Chemistry
- Chemical Kinetics
- Organic Compounds Preparation
- Inorganic Compounds Preparation
- Functional Groups in Organic Compounds
- Carbohydrates, Fats and Proteins in Food
- Quantitative Analysis
- Qualitative Analysis
CBSE Board Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus Marks Distribution
The 16 Units of CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus are divided into three groups based on the number of marks allocated. CBSE has not mentioned any chapter-wise marks weightage as it encourages you to study every chapter with complete attention and details.
Group 1 (Unit 1 to Unit 5) comprise of 23 marks, Group 2 (Unit 6 to Unit 9) comprise of 19 marks while Group 3(Unit 10 to Unit 16) comprise of 28 marks. All these units in total comprise of 70 marks and 30 marks are allotted to practicals examinations and project work.
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry practical work is allocated 30 marks which are assessed based on your practical experiments, viva voice, class performance and project work.
Recommended Books for CBSE Board Class 12 Chemistry
NCERT: CBSE has recommended studying NCERT Chemistry Textbooks for Class 12. NCERT textbooks are carefully designed as per the CBSE syllabus and guidelines to ensure that you have a complete understanding of all the concepts. The language used in NCERT books is interactive as well as easy to understand.
NCERT Exemplar: If you want to practice the concepts that you have learned in the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbooks, you must refer to NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Exemplar Book. This book contains practice questions for all NCERT Chemistry Chapters in the form of multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and long answer questions. Solving these questions will solidify your understanding of the concepts.
How to use CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry Preparation?
- Plan Your Study: You can use the list of topics provided in CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus to keep a track on how much you have studied. You can also plan your study schedule accordingly.
- How To Work for Practicals: You will get correct information about the practicals to be performed in this subject. This also includes the number of marks associated with practical work. The guidelines for the project are also mentioned clearly in the syllabus.
- Prepare As Per Exam Pattern: A clear understanding of the exam pattern would make it easier to prepare for the exams. For instance, 40% of the questions in the CBSE Class 12 Chemistry exam are based on the demonstration of understanding of the facts. This means if you can grasp all the definitions and concepts given in the NCERT textbook, you will be able to attempt 40% of the questions easily.
Get the Latest Chemistry Syllabus for CBSE Class 12 at Instasolv
- We have created a simple, easy to understand version of the latest CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for you. It includes all the necessary details of CBSE Class 12 curriculum in an interactive manner.
- We have provided detailed instructions on what topics are included in the syllabus along with guidelines for practical exams and internal assessments.
- We have also provided a simplified version of the exam pattern as prescribed by CBSE for Class 12 board exams along with detailed explanations on types of questions that will be asked.
- This syllabus will help you begin your learning for the Class 12 Chemistry subject in a systematic way.