CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Syllabus 2020-21

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Syllabus 2020-21 aims at developing your deep understanding of the basics of Hindi, Hindi grammar, prose and poems written by great authors. The lessons incorporated in the syllabus make you familiar with the great literary works. The different sections included in your syllabus builds your in-depth knowledge of this subject. The present article tells you all about the CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Syllabus. 

CBSE Class 12 syllabus 2020-21 for Hindi (Core) contains 4 sections or ‘Khand’ that carry a total of 100 marks. The distribution of marks goes as follows. ‘Khand Ka’ or section 1 deals with unseen passages (Apathit Gadyansh) and has been allotted 16 marks,  ‘Khand Kha’ that is section 2 deals with official Hindi and creative writing based on the book ‘Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam’ and has been allotted 20 marks, the third section or ‘Khand Ga’ that carries a weightage of 44 marks, is based on textbooks ‘Aroh Bhag 2’ (32 marks ) and ‘Vitan Bhag 2’ (12 marks); ‘Khand Gha’ or fourth section contains hearing and oral tests along with project work. Hearing and oration have been allotted 10 marks and project work has also been allotted 10 marks.

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Syllabus 2020-21: Chapter-wise

Hindi Core Syllabus of CBSE Classs 12th consists of three books ‘Aroh Bhag 2’, ‘Vitan Bhag 2’ and ‘Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam’. There are two sections in ‘Aroh Bhag 2’ namely ‘Kavya Khand’ (poetry section) and ‘Gadya Khand’ (prose section). The poetry section has 10 chapters. The book Vitan Bhag 2 has 4 chapters or full stories. Finally, you have to learn the prescribed writing lessons in Book “Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam’’. The components of all the prescribed books published by NCERT are discussed in detail below –

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Kavya Khand

This part of the Aroh Bhag 2 book contains work from 10 writers. Each chapter contains poems written by the writer. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 1: Harivansh Rai Bachchan

The first poem in this chapter is ‘Atmaparichay’. This poem tells you that it is more difficult to know oneself than knowing any other person. A person has different flavours of relationship with the surrounding society. But it is also difficult to stay disconnected from society.  The second poem is ‘Ek Geet’. It has been taken from the book ‘Nisha Nimantran’. This poem discusses the daily changes taking place in nature. The poem is written in a very lucid language, yet it sends a deep impact on the reader. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 2: Alok Dhanwa

The poem ‘Patang’ has been taken from the writer’s only collection of poems. This is the third portion of a very long poem. This poem gives a description of the emotions and desires of a child. The title of the poem itself signifies the high rising yearnings of a small child.

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 3: Kunwar Narayan

The poem ‘Kavita Ke Bahane’ is part of Kunwar Narayan’s poetry collection ‘In dino’. This poem discusses the difficulty in the existence of poems in this world in the current scenario. The poet envisages that mechanical life will hamper creativity, and eventually, poems won’t be written any more. The poem ‘Baat Seedhi Thi Par’ is taken from another collection named ‘Koi Doosra Nahi’. This poem describes the complexity and easiness of a language. It tells us that every feeling has a particular word in each language. A good poem links the perfect word with perfect thought or emotion. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 4: Raghuvir Sahay

The poem ‘Camere Mein Band Apahij’ is taken from a collection with name ‘Log Bhool Gaye Hain’. This poem is about a physically challenged person and depicts the pain he goes through when the television interviews ask him similar types of questions each time, and he does not feel comfortable being asked about his disability. This poem highlights how we, as humans, should be considerate toward other humans, especially those who have been put through such types of challenges by nature. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 5: Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh

The poem ‘Saharsh Sweekara Hai’ is a poem from the collection ‘Boori Bhuri Khak Dhool’. Here the poet discusses the difference between accepting and happily accepting something. We humans face a lot of problems, and varied unhappiness during our lifetime. Poet discusses that it is better to accept all the challenges happily instead of showing discontentment over the situations which are actually beyond our control.

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 6: Shamsher Bahadur Singh

This beautiful poem ‘Usha’ is a word description of all the events occurring just before dawn. This poem has its own rhythm, which is one of the specialities of the poet. The poet tries to relate the activities happening on earth in morning time with the activities happening in the sky. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 7: Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

The poem ‘Badal Raag’ is the sixth part of Book Anamika. This poem explains the agonies of a common man and symbolizes the cloud or ‘Badal’ with revolution. He explains how the clouds are carrying lightning and all the different elements of revolution. Our solutions and notes let you gain a deep understanding of the facts and prepare well for your exams.

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 8: Tulsidas

This chapter contains two ‘Kavita’ and one ‘Sawaiyan’ from ‘Kavitavali’ collection. These are ‘Kavitavali’, ‘Laksman Moorcha and Ram Vilap’. These describe all the worldly affairs and how people fight with various things like poverty, political problems and other socio-economic problems in order to survive in this world. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 9: Uma Shankar Joshi

The first poem of this chapter ‘Chota Mera Khet’ is a concise description of the things done during farming. The page on which the poem is written is being considered as a square farm, and the idea on which poem is penned is considered as a seed. The second poem ‘Bagula Ke Pankh’ describes a beautiful scene. The poet has used several comparing statements to beautify the poem. Here the poet has tried to show the effect of all the things of beauty described through his own conscience. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 10: Firaq Gorakhpuri

The poem ‘Rubaiyat’ by Firaq Gorakhpuri personifies the moon as a relative. The poem explains how a mother shows her child the moon and makes the child play with it. The poet also compares the moon with other round objects used in daily life. The ‘Ghazal’ incorporated in this chapter is a combination of Hindi society and Urdu poetry. This poem has a certain amount of pain as well as certain messages given by the poet. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Gadya Khand

This portion of the book has 8 chapters which are full-length stories written by different writers. The detailed descriptions of the chapters are given below –

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 11: Mahadevi Verma

This chapter contains a story named ‘Bhaktin’ and is taken from a collection called ‘Smriti Ki Rekhayen’. In this, the writer describes the past and present of her own house help called Bhaktin. She has described the character of Bhaktin in a very interesting manner. How Bhaktin has a history of living in a male-dominated society with all her self-respect and fighting spirit, and how she tried to defend the interests of her daughter. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 12: Jainendra Kumar

‘Bazaar Darshan’ is an important essay by the writer. This essay has a deep thought process combined with the beautiful aura of literary grace. This story has consumerism and market centricity as the central ideas. This essay was written several decades ago by the writer. It still maintains its significance. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 13: Dharmveer Bharti 

The story ‘Kaale Megha Paani de’ is a treatise on the conflict between common beliefs and science. Science has its own logic, and faith has its own capabilities. Which one is more significant, is the question, which stirs the masses in our society till date, and how there is no definite answer yet. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 14: Fanishwar Nath Renu 

The story ‘Pahalwan Ki Dholak’ is one of the key stories written by the writer. The writer has a wonderful capability of capturing the elements of village life and making them come alive in front of readers. Readers could feel that they are themselves living the lives of the characters and are parts of the story. This story also focuses on some folk art and some significant problems faced by the villages.

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 15: Vishnu Khare 

The story named ‘Charlie Chaplin Yani Hum Sab’ is about the contribution of the legendary character Charlie Chaplin to the worldwide cinema. This story discusses the human being lying inside this character and how this character has influenced characters in various movies of Raj Kapoor. This story describes how this character balances the aspects of comic and tragic experiences as an actor. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 16: Razia Sajjad Zaheer

‘Namak’ written by Razia Sajjad Zaheer is a touching story about refugees of both sides, Pakistan and India, after the historical division of two countries. This story talks about the hearts of these people who try to find their own people back, find places to live and find their own dignity. This story emphasizes that even though the lands have been separated by lines of division but this remains an unsuccessful attempt of drawing the lines of division on hearts of people. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 17: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi

This delectable essay called ‘Shirish Ke Phool’ has been taken from the collection called ‘Kalpalata’ written by the writer. This chapter describes and compares flowers of a garden spreading their beauty and fragrance amidst the extreme conditions of heat, light and windy summer days with the ever-fighting spirit of humans. This story reveals that self-confidence and mental strength is far more important than the physical strength of a person. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Aroh Bhag 2 Chapter 18: Bhimrao Ambedkar

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the key person behind framing the Indian constitution and his fruitful fights to bring the so called ‘untouchables to respectable positions in society. The write-ups called ‘Shram Vibhajan Aur Jaati Pratha’ and ‘Meri Kalpana Ka Adarsh Samaj’ are actually excerpts from his famous speech ‘Annihilation of Caste’ which was translated to ‘Jati-Bhed Ka Ucched’ in Hindi by Lalai Singh Yadav. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Vitan Bhag 2

The book is the second important book of CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Syllabus. It contains 4 chapters written by eminent writers of Hindi language. The components of the book are discussed below –

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Vitan Bhag 2 Chapter 1: ‘Silver Wedding’ by Manohar Shyam Joshi

This story is written by the writer in a slightly different style than what he usually uses. The punch lines of this story are ‘whatever happened’ and ‘somehow improper’. Where the first punch line indicates that we need to accept the facts which have already taken place, whereas the latter one is a state of indecision. Both of these feelings are the inner feelings of the main character of the story ‘Yashodhar Babu’. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Vitan Bhag 2 Chapter 2: ‘Jhoojh’ by Anand Yadav

This is a portion of the autobiography of the author Anand Yadav. This describes the rough experiences of a teenage boy from Gawain village. This story covers all aspects of the life of a teenage boy of village, the difficulties faced by him and how he slowly gets attracted towards literature, art and craft. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Vitan Bhag 2 Chapter 3: ‘Ateet me dabe paon’ by Om Thanvi

This chapter is a descriptive treatise on the archaeological findings in Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa civilization in Indian subcontinents. It describes all the building plans of different structures like lanes, houses, windows, roads etc. along with the things used by the people living then like, toys, jewellery, coins, decorative items, idols etc. It discusses all the prominent points of Indus Valley Civilization. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Core Vitan Bhag 2 Chapter 4: ‘Diary ke panne’ by Anne Frank

This chapter is a realistic story seen and written by the writer and captures the events that happened during World war II. This story describes how Nazis tortured the Jews. This story is a treatise of human emotions like fear, terror, hunger, love hatred, old age problems, fear of air attacks, fear of being caught etc. This describes how the writer’s family take refuge in hidden cellars to save their lives from the German attack. 

CBSE Class 12 Hindi Elective Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam Chapters

The book Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam is a combined book for class 11 and class 12 CBSE Hindi course with designated chapters. This book covers the communication and creative writing part of the syllabus. The chapters included in class 12 course are discussed below.

Class 12 Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam Unit 1: Mass Communication Mediums and Writing

This unit contains 3 chapters. They are‘Vibhinna Madhyamo Ke Liye Lekhan’ (writing for different mediums), ‘Patrakariya Lekhan Ke Vibhinna Roop aur Lekhan Prakriya’ (different forms of journalist writing and writing procedure), and ‘Vishesh lekhan – Swaroop Aur Prakar’ (special writing – forms and types).

Class 12 Abhivyakti Aur Madhyam Unit 2: Creative writing

This unit contains 6 chapters for class 12 syllabus. They are ‘Kaise Banti Hai Kavita’ (how does a poem form), chapter 7 – ‘Natak Likhne Ka Vyakaran’ (grammar of writing plays), ‘Kaise Likhe Kahani’ (how to write a story), ‘Kaise Karen Kahani Ka Natya Rupantaran’ (how to convert a story into a play),‘Kaise Banta Hai Radio Natak’ (how is radio play made), and ‘Naya Aur Apraytyashit Vishyon Par lekhan’ (writing on new and unforeseen topics).