CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus 2020-21

CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus 2020-21 comprises of various significant concepts such as planning in sports, yoga and lifestyle, sports and nutrition, children and women in sports, physical education and sports for CWSN (children with special needs – divyang), physiology and injuries in sports, test and measurements in sports, psychology and sports, training in sports and biomechanics and sports. 

CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Physical Education also comprises a practical section. Check out the chapter-wise syllabus of Class 12th Physics Education subject.

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physical Education 2020-21: Chapter-wise

CBSE Class 12 syllabus 2020-21 of Physical Education will help you to learn about the physical fitness of the body and focuses mainly on the motion of the body. Physical Education consists of 10 chapters in total and 4 practicals. Below is a brief overview of the chapters.

Chapter 1: Planning in Sports

Planning in sports of CBSE Class 12 Physical Education explains you about the meaning and objectives of planning, the tournament- knockout, various committees and its responsibilities (pre, during and post), league or Round Robin and combination, the procedure to draw fixtures- knockout (bye and seeding) and league (staircase and cyclic), intramural and extramural- meaning, objectives and its significance and specific sports programme (sports day, health run, run for fun, run for a specific cause and run for unity). 

Here, you will also come across concepts such as timely achievements of targets, finding out the causes of failure, improving the percentage of success, deciding the appropriate time duration of a programme and distribution of work according to the ability of the people involved. 

Chapter 2: Sports & Nutrition

Sports & Nutrition of Class 12 Physical Education syllabus educates you on balanced diet and nutrition: macros and micros nutrients, nutritive and non-nutritive components of diet and eating for weight control like; a healthy weight, the pitfalls of dieting, food intolerance and food myths. The chapter also explains about minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, iodine, fluorine, copper and zinc.

The chapter also introduces you to factors affecting diet are age, sex, body surface area, types and duration of the activity, eating habits and social customs, climate factors and health status and growth. Further, you will also learn about water-soluble vitamins such as vitamin B (thiamin), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) and vitamin C. 

Chapter 3: Yoga and Lifestyle

Yoga and Lifestyle of CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus teaches you of asanas as preventive measures, obesity: procedure, benefits and contraindications for Vajrayana, Hastasana, Trikonasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana, diabetes: procedure, benefits and contraindications for Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana, Pavan Muktasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana and  Asthma: procedure, benefits and contraindications for Sukhasana, Chakrasana, Gomukhasana, Parvatasana, Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana and Matsyasana. 

The chapter also describes Hypertension: Tadasana, Vajrasana, Pavan Muktasana, Ardha Chakrasana, Bhujangasana and Sharasana and back pain: Tadasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana, Vakrasana, Shalabhasana and Bhujangasana. You will also learn a lot about various asanas as preventive measures for obesity, digestion and hypertension. 

Chapter 4: Physical Education and Sports for CWSN (Children with Special Needs – Divyang)

Physical Education and Sports for CWSN explains you of the concept of disability and disorder, types of disability, its causes and nature (cognitive disability, intellectual disability and physical disability), types of disorders, their causes and nature (ADHD, SPD, ASD, ODD and OCD), disability etiquettes, advantages of physical activities for children with special needs and strategies to make physical activities accessible for children with a special need.  

Further, you will also come across the strategies to make physical activities such as inclusive classrooms, assistive technology, adaptive physical education, creating specific environments, positive behaviour, focus on creative games, accommodations and modification and professional courses.

Chapter 5: Children and Women in Sports

Children and Women in Sports chapter explains to you of motor development and factors affecting it, exercise guidelines at different stages of growth and development, common postural deformities like knock knee, flat foot, round shoulders, Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bowlegs and scoliosis and their corrective measures. You will also be taught of sports participation of women in India, special consideration (menarche and menstrual dysfunction), female athletes triad (Osteoporosis, amenorrhea and eating disorder), types of motor development include gross motor development and fine motor development. 

Further, you will also learn about the factors that influence motor development such as tone, strength, endurance, motor planning and sensory integration. Concept of correct postures are also taught here, like, the correct posture of standing, correct posture of sitting, and you shall also understand the advantages of correct postures are improving physical appearance, having more energy, increases flexibility, reduces muscle tension and increases confidence

Chapter 6: Test and Measurements in Sports

Test and Measurements in Sports of Class 12th Physical Education Syllabus teaches you of motor fitness test – 50M standing start, 600M run/ walk, sit and reach, partial curl up, push-ups (boys), modified push-ups (girls), standing broad jump and agility – 4 x 10 M shuttle run; general motor fitness – barrow three-item general motor ability (standing broad jump, zig-zag run, medicine ball put – for boys: 03 kg and for girls: 01 kg). 

Further, you will also read about the measurement of cardiovascular fitness – Harvard Step Test/ Rockport Test, Rikli and Jones – Senior Citizen Fitness Test includes chair stand test for lower body strength, arm curl test for upper body strength, chair sit and reach test for lower body flexibility, back scratch test for upper body flexibility, eight-foot up and go test for agility and six-minute walk test for aerobic endurance. 

The chapter also explains the computation of fitness index: duration of the exercise in seconds x 100 / 5.5 x pulse count of 1 – 1.5 min after exercise. 

Chapter 7: Physiology and Injuries in Sports

Physiology and Injuries in Sports of CBSE Class 12 Physical Education educate you about physiological factors determining components of physical fitness, the effect of exercise on the cardiorespiratory system, the effect of exercise on the muscular system, and physiological changes due to ageing. T

The chapters also throw light on sports injuries classifications such as soft tissue injuries like abrasion, contusion, laceration, incision, comminuted, transverse oblique. It also talks about the causes, prevention and treatment for the same and various first aid- aims and objectives. 

Here, you also come across computation of fat percentage, Slaughter- Lohman children skinfold, Slaughter-Lohman children skinfold formula, measurement of muscular strength, Kraus Weber test and motor fitness test- AAHPERD.  

Chapter 8: Biomechanics and Sports

Biomechanics and Sports chapter of Class 12 Physical Education gives you a brief on the meaning and importance of biomechanics in sports, types of movements like flexion, extension, abduction and adduction. This chapter also throws light on Newton’s law of motion and its application in sports and friction and sports. You will further come across concepts of physiology, gender differences in physical and physiological parameters which include physical parameters, physical fitness, muscular system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system.

Here, you will also know the factors which are determining components such as, muscular strength, power, speed, muscular endurance, agility, flexibility, size of the muscle, body weight, muscle composition, intensity of the nerve impulse, metabolic power, aerobic capacity, joint structure and age and gender, physiological changes due to ageing include muscle size and strength, accumulation of body fat, respiratory system, nervous system and bone density. 

Chapter 9: Psychology and Sports

Psychology and Sports chapter educates you about the definition of personality definition, its types, and various traits. It also covers the Sheldon and Jung classification and big five theory, motivation and its type and techniques, exercise adherence, reasons to exercise, benefits of exercise, strategies for enhancing adherence to exercise and meaning, concept and types of aggression in sports. 

The chapter also explains about the concept and definition of sports medicine, aims and scope of sports medicine, The aims and objectives of first aid, preservation of life, prevention of deterioration, promotion of recovery, classification of sports injuries, causes and prevention of sports injuries, soft tissue injury, injury based on tissue type injured, injuries based on severity, bone and joint injuries and fractures. 

The chapter also throws light on types of fracture and causes of sports injuries which includes anatomical factors, individual difference factors, age-related causes, training related causes, equipment selection factors, impact and contact causes and poor techniques. 

Chapter 10: Training in Sports

Training in Sports of CBSE Class 12 Physical Education teaches you about the definition of strength, types of strength and methods of improving strength such as isometric method, isotonic method and isokinetic method. It also teaches you about the definition of endurance, types of endurance and methods of developing endurance such as continuous training, interval training and fartlek training. This chapter also covers the definition of speed types of speed and methods to develop speed like acceleration run and pace run. 

Further, you will also learn about the definition of flexibility, types of flexibility and methods to improve flexibility. This chapter also educates you about the definition of coordinative abilities and types of coordinative abilities. It also throws light on the introduction and its importance of circuit training, axes and planes such as frontal horizontal axis, vertical axis, sagittal horizontal axis, sagittal plane, transverse plane and frontal plane. You will also be taught types of movements like flexion, extension, adduction and abduction. 

Here, you shall also read of quads (quadriceps femoris) – the rectus femoris, the vastus medialis, the vastus lateralis and the vastus intermedius, hamstrings and gluteus maximus – the semitendinosus, the semimembranosus and the biceps femoris (two parts: the long head and short head). 

CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Practical Syllabus 2020-21

Physical Education Practical syllabus include fitness tests administration for All items, the procedure for Asanas, benefits and contraindication for two Asanas for each lifestyle disease, the procedure for administering the senior citizen fitness test for 5 elderly family members, any one game of your choice out of the given list and diagram of field and equipment (Rules, Terminologies and skills).