CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2020-21

CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus 2020-21 is divided into two parts. Part A includes the cold war era, US hegemony in world politics, the end of bipolarity, contemporary south Asia, international organizations, alternatives centres of power, environment and natural resources, security in the contemporary world, and globalization. Part B includes challenges of nation-building, politics of planned development, an era of one-party dominance, challenges to the congress system, India’s external relations, the crisis of the democratic order, regional aspirations, the rise of popular movements, and recent developments in Indian politics. 

Check out chapter-wise CBSE Class 12 syllabus for Contemporary World Politics (Part A) and Politics in India Since Independence (Part B) below-

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Political Science 2020-21

CBSE syllabus 2020-21 for Class 12 Political Science consists of 2 parts which are part A and part B with 18 chapters altogether. Below is a brief overview of all the chapters. 

CBSE Class 12 Contemporary World Politics Syllabus 2020-21

Chapter 1: Cold War Era

Cold War Era chapter of CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus educates you about the emergence of two power blocs after the second world war, and the arenas of the cold war. It also talks in details about the challenges to bipolarity, the non-aligned movement (NAM), the quest for new international economic order and India and the cold war. You will also read in details about the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABMT). 

Further, the chapter also discusses the New International Economic Order (NIEO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), SouthEast Asian Treaty Organisation (SEATO) and The Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO). 


Chapter 2: The End of Bipolarity

The End of Bipolarity of Class 12 Political Science explains about the new entities in world politics such as Russia, Balkan States and the Central Asian States. It also covers the introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes and India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries. 

Here you will also read in details about the Soviet system, Gorbachev and the disintegration of the USSR, reasons for the Soviet Union disintegration, consequences of disintegration, shock therapy in post-communist regimes, consequences of shock therapy and tensions and conflicts in former Soviet republics. 

Further, the chapter also deals with India and post-communist countries, the socialist revolution in Russia, Indo- Russian relation and socialist ideology and capitalist ideology. 

Chapter 3: US Hegemony in World Politics

US Hegemony in World Politics of Class 12 Political Science gives you an idea about the growth of unilateralism in Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq, dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology and India’s renegotiation of its relationship with the USA. 

The chapter also explains about the beginning of the ‘New World Order’ by the US, the Clinton years, 9/11 and the ‘Global War on Terror’, the Iraq invasion, constraints on American power, India’s relationship with the US, the meaning of hegemony and hegemony as hard power. 

Further, you will also come across, hegemony as structural power, hegemony as soft power, overcoming the hegemony and disintegration of USSR in 1991. 

Chapter 4: Alternatives Centres of Power

Alternatives Centres of Power of Class 12 Political Science Syllabus, will explain about the rise of China as an economic power in the post- mao era, creation and expansion of European Union, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), India’s changing relations with China, the second world war and the European leaders. 

The chapter also discusses the financial support by the USA under the ‘Marshall Plan’, the European Economic Cooperation (OEEC), colonialism, Non- Aligned movement and Open door policy. 


Chapter 5: Contemporary South Asia

Contemporary South Asia of Class 12th Political Science Syllabus, introduces you to democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal, Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, the impact of economic globalization on the region, conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia and India’s relation with its neighbours. 

The chapter also explains about India- Pakistan conflicts, India and its other neighbours, peace and cooperation, the establishment of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the signing of SAFTA, Maoist Movement in Nepal, the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF) and formation of Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). 

Chapter 6: International Organizations

International Organizations of CBSE Class 12th Political Science Syllabus, explains the restructuring and the future of the UN, India’s position in the restructured UN, the rise of new international actors, new international economic organizations.

Here, you will also learn about reform of the United Nations after the cold war, reform of structures and processes of the UN, Jurisdiction of the UN, India and the UN Reforms, the UN in a unipolar world and other international organisations. 

Further, the chapter discusses the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organisation (WTO), General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 

Chapter 7: Security in Contemporary World

Security in Contemporary World of Class 12 Political Science educates about the traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament, non- traditional or human security, global poverty, health and education, issues of human rights and migration, traditional notions of internal security, new sources of threats and India’s security strategy. 

Further, you will also learn about military conflict, the United States and Soviet Union signing the arms control treaties, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and health epidemics like H1V-AIDS and bird flu. 


Chapter 8: Environment and Natural Resources

Environment and Natural Resources of CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus, will give you a brief about environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms, conflicts over traditional and common property resources, rights of indigenous people, India’s stand-in global environmental debates and environmental concerns in global politics. 

Further, you will also learn about the protection of global ‘commons’, common but differentiated responsibilities, common property resources, India’s stand on environmental issues, environmental movements, resource geopolitics and the indigenous people and their rights. 


Chapter 9: Globalization

Globalization of CBSE Class 12 Political Science introduces you to economic, cultural and political manifestations, debates on the nature of consequences of globalization, anti-globalization movements, India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it, the concept of globalisation, causes of globalisation and political consequences. 

The unit also deals with economic consequences, cultural consequences, India and globalisation, resistance to globalisation, India and Resistance to globalisation, movement of capital and the World Social Forum (WSF). 

CBSE Class 12 Politics in India Since Independence Syllabus 2020-21

Chapter 10: Challenges of Nation Building

Challenges of Nation Building of Political Science explains about the Nehr’s approach to nation-building, Legacy of partition, the challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem, organization and reorganization of states, political conflicts over language, challenges for the new nation, partition, displacement and rehabilitation and consequences of partition. 

Further, the chapter discusses the integration of princely states, the government’s approach, the instrument of accession, reorganisation of states, the states reorganisation act and the British Indian provinces. 


Era of One-Party Dominance

Era of One-Party Dominance chapter educates you on the first three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, coalitional nature of Congress, major opposition parties, challenge of building democracy, changing methods of Voting, first three general elections and nature of congress dominance. 

Here, you will also learn about the tolerance and management of factions, the emergence of opposition parties, socialist parties, the communist party of India (CPI), Bhartiya Jana Sangh (BJS), Swatantra party and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia.

Chapter 12: Politics of Planned Development

Politics of Planned Development chapter of CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus educates you of five-year plans, expansion of the state sector and the rise of new economic interests, famine and suspension of five-year plans, green revolution and its political fallouts, political contestation, ideas of development, planning and the early initiatives. 

The chapter also gives you an idea of rapid industrialisation, key controversies, agriculture versus industry, public versus private sector, the first five years plan major outcomes, three major outcomes, economic foundations, land reforms and green and white revolution and later developments.

Chapter 13: India’s External Relations

India’s External Relations chapter introduces you to Nehru’s foreign policy, Sino- Indian war of 1962, Indo- Pak war of 1965 and 1971, India’s nuclear programme, shifting alliance in world politics, International context or relations, the policy of non- alignment, Nehru’s role, distance from two camps and Afro- Asian unity.

Here, the chapter also throws light on peace and conflict with China, Tibet, the Chinese Invasion 1962, wars and peace with Pakistan, Bangladesh war 1971 and India’s nuclear policy. 

Chapter 14: Challenges to the Congress System

Challenges to the Congress System of CBSE Class 12 Political Science is one of the most interesting chapters. Here, you will be learning about political succession after Nehru, non- congressism and electoral upset of 1967, congress split and reconstitution, Congress victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’, fourth general elections 1967 and electoral verdict. 

Further, you will also read about coalitions, defection, Indra Vs the ‘Syndicate’, presidential election 1969, restoration of Congress, the contest and the outcome and after effect. 

Chapter 15: Crisis of the Democratic Order

Crisis of the Democratic Order chapter discusses the search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary, Nava Nirman Movement in Gujarat and the Bihar Movement, Emergency, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to an emergency, 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party and rise of civil liberties organizations. 

Further, you will also come across the background to an emergency, the Naxalite movement, railway strike 1974, conflict with the judiciary, declaration of emergency, crisis and response, controversies regarding emergency, lessons from emergency and Janata Government. 

Chapter 16: Rise of Popular Movements

Rise of Popular Movements of CBSE Class 12 Political Science, introduces you to farmers’ movements, women’s movement, environment and development affected peoples’ movements, implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath and nature of popular movements. 

You will also learn about some of the popular movements like Chipko movement, movements of Dalit Panthers,  growth of Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU), anti- arrack movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan and movement for the right to information. 

Chapter 17: Regional Aspirations

Regional Aspirations of Political Science Syllabus, explains about the rise of regional parties, Punjab crisis and the anti- Sikh riots of 1984, the Kashmir situation, challenges and responses in the northeast, Region and the Nation: Indian Approach, Jammu and Kashmir, external and Internal disputes, politics since 1948, insurgency and effect and separatism. 

Here, you will also learn about the political context, Punjab, the cycle of violence, the road to peace,  demands autonomy, se