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# HC Verma Kinetic Theory of Gases Solutions (Chapter 24)

HC Verma Solutions for Class 12 Physics Part-2 Chapter 24 ‘Kinetic Theory of Gases’ are prepared by the experts of Instasolv to make you understand the concepts of the chapter for HC Verma Class 12 Physics Solutions board exams. The chapter primarily deals with the study of the microscopic behaviour of molecules and their interfaces. In this chapter, you will further about Boyle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Charles’s law, Avogadro’s law, Degree of freedom, Van der Waals’ gas equation, Perfect gas equation, the Kinetic energy of a gas, and Brownian motion.

HC Verma Kinetic Theory of Gases Solutions also explain the determination of relative humidity, RMS speed, and kinetic interpretation of temperature. Studying these solutions will help you learn about the different concepts of the kinetic theory of gases and how we can use this theory to solve the various problems available in the chapter. You will be able to solve questions based on macroscopic features of gas like thermal conductivity, volume, temperature, viscosity, humidity, evaporation, vapour, and pressure in accordance with the kinetic theory.

HC Verma Concepts of Physics Solutions for Class 12 Kinetic Theory of Gases include 4 exercises with around 100 questions. All these questions are designed to help you prepare for competitive exams like JEE Mains, JEE Advanced and NEET. Follow the HC Verma Kinetic Theory of Gases Solutions for Class 12 Physics provided by Instasolv now to clear your concepts and excel in your exams.

## Important Topics for HC Verma Concepts of Physics Part-2 Solutions Chapter 24: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Assumptions of Kinetic Theory of Gases

The kinetic theory of gases is based on three assumptions:

• The gas is made up of a large number of identical molecules moving in random directions, separated by distances that are distinguished with their size.
• Heat is the transfer of kinetic energy among the molecules.
• The molecules go through no energy loss with the walls of the container and with each other.

Kinetic Interpretation of Temperature

According to the kinetic interpretation of temperature, the average K.E of a molecule of an ideal gas is related to its absolute temperature, is independent of the volume, pressure, or the nature of the ideal gas.

Root-mean-square Speed

The RMS speed is the amount of speed of elements in a gas, described as the square root of the average velocity-square of the molecules in a gas. The RMS speed takes into account both temperature and molecular weight, two factors that directly affect the kinetic energy of a substance.

Relative Humidity

The rate of the partial pressure of water vapour to the equilibrium vapour pressure of water at a particular temperature is known as relative humidity. It depends on the pressure and the temperature of the system. The equivalent quantity of water vapour results in higher relative humidity in a cool atmosphere than a warm atmosphere.

Thermodynamic State

The Thermodynamic state is defined as a system’s condition at a certain time. Gas in a cylinder with a moving piston, the condition of the system is determined by the pressure, temperature, and volume of the gas.

Maxwell’s Speed Distribution Law

The equation which is formed on the basis of the kinetic theory of gases describes the distribution of speeds for gas at a particular temperature is known as Maxwell’s speed distribution law. The average speed, the root-mean-square speed, and the most probable speed can be derived from this distribution function.

### Exercise-wise Discussion for HC Verma Concepts of Physics Part-2 Solutions Chapter 24: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Exercise 1 – Short Answer Type Questions

This is the first exercise of the HC Verma Kinetic Theory of Gases Solutions. It consists of a total of 14 short answer type questions based on Boyle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Charles’s law, Avogadro’s law, Degree of freedom, and Van der Waals’ gas equation. Practising these questions will help you prepare for the CBSE exams well along with other competitive exams such as JEE and NEET.

Exercise 2 – Objective Type Questions I

Exercise 2 consists of a total of 17 questions based on the Perfect gas equation, the Kinetic energy of a gas, and Brownian motion. These are the objective type questions that will help you to make your concepts stronger.

Exercise 3 – Objective Type Questions II

This exercise of HC Verma Part 2 Kinetic Theory of Gases also consists of 7 objective type questions. These questions are different from those of the questions in Exercise 2. Here, you can have two or more correct statements.

Exercise 4 – Long Answer Type Questions

This is the last exercise and is considered one of the important exercises of the chapter. All the 62 questions of this exercise are based on the important concepts of the chapter including temperature, viscosity, humidity, evaporation, vapour, and pressure in accordance with the kinetic theory.

## Why Use HC Verma Concepts of Physics Part-2 Solutions Chapter 24: Kinetic Theory of Gases by Instasolv?

• HC Verma Class 12 Physics Solutions will help you master the concepts and enhance your problem-solving skills.
• HC Verma Solutions contain answers to all the exercises which you can refer to and study efficiently for your Class 12 board exams and various competitive exams like JEE, NEET, etc.
• By taking the help of the HC Verma Kinetic Theory of Gases Solutions prepared by the subject matter experts at Instasolv, you get the answers to all those exercise-wise questions on which you often get stuck.
• These solutions remain a significant source of the study on multiple grounds. HC Verma Solutions are beneficial for you when you have a little bit of confusion in grasping the ideas.
• We provide concise and comprehensive answers so that you shouldn’t face any difficulty while solving the answers.
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