MS Chauhan Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives Solutions (Chapter 9)
MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 9 will help you learn about the formation of carboxylic acid derivatives. This chapter of MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions for Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives explains nomenclature and reactions of carboxylic acids, and more. Other main topics of the chapter include the naming of carboxylic acids, Fischer esterification, acid chloride formation, decarboxylation, nucleophilic acyl substitution.
MS Chauhan Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives Solutions consists of 2 main levels and 72 questions. The main aim of providing these problems with solutions is to make you understand every concept clearly. All the solutions are prepared by the expert Chemistry teachers at Instasolv. These solutions explain the steps with accuracy, without missing any important instruction of solving a question.
These MS Chauhan Solutions for Organic Chemistry Chapter 9, prepared by experts at Instasolv, are a comprehensive study material for you to prepare for the competitive exams like NEET and IIT JEE. These have been arranged for years as a complete source of material to you, to enhance your understanding. Also, these solutions are easily accessible online. You can follow them anytime and anywhere.
Important Topics for MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 9 Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives
A carboxylic acid is an organic composite that consists of a carboxyl group (C(=O)OH). The universal formula of a carboxylic acid is R–COOH, where R denoting to the alkyl group. Carboxylic acids happen extensively. Significant examples comprise acetic acid and amino acids.
The Naming of Carboxylic Acids
The IUPAC name of a carboxylic acid is generated from that of the extensive carbon chain that consists of the carboxyl group by reducing the finale from the naming of the parent alkane and adding the suffix -oic surveyed by the word “acid.” The chain is calculated starting with the carbon of the carboxyl group.
Fischer esterification is also known as Fischer–Speier esterification. It is a distinct type of esterification by depreciating a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the existence of an acid catalyst. The reaction was first defined by the author Emil Fischer and Arthur Speier in 1895.
Acid Chloride Formation
Carboxylic acids respond with Thionyl Chloride (SOCl2) to produce acid chlorides. During this reaction process, the hydroxyl group of the carboxylic acid is transformed into a chlorosulfite intermediate creating an improved leaving group. The chloride anion formed during the reaction turns a nucleophile.
Decarboxylation refers to a chemical reaction that eliminates a carboxyl group and discharges carbon dioxide. Generally, decarboxylation denotes a reaction of carboxylic acids, eliminating a carbon atom from a carbon chain.
In organic chemistry, an ester refers to a chemical compound that is generated from an acid in which at least one –OH group is substituted by an –O–alkyl group. Generally, esters originate from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol.
Uses of Carboxylic Acid
Carboxylic acids make up a sequence of fatty acids that are tremendously beneficial for human health. The omega-3 and omega-6 are vital fatty acids which are not created by the body. They help in preserving the cell membrane and governor nutrient use along with the metabolism of the body. If we eat a meal with unsaturated fat, the nutrients and the glucose available in the meal will directly blast into the circulation without being engrossed. However, if there is a consumption of saturated fat, the rate of absorption will decrease and the body will get more time to engross the energy and nutrients from the meal.
The points described below will release other vital uses of carboxylic acids:
- Development of soaps requires a large number of fatty acids. Soaps are usually sodium or potassium salts of greater fatty acids including stearic acid.
- The food industry requires several organic acids for the manufacture of food products, soft drinks, etc. For example, acetic acid is required in the creation of vinegar. Sodium salts of organic acids discover application in preservatives.
- In the medical industry, organic acids are required in the creation of many drugs including aspirin, phenacetin, etc.
- Acetic acids are generally required as a coagulant in the development of rubber.
- Organic acids require enormous application in creating dyestuff, perfumes, and rayon.
Reductions of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
The reductions of carboxylic acids result in the generation of primary alcohols. These reductions are usually approved by using a tough reducing agent including lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4). If required, one can also use diborane (B2H6) for the reduction of carboxylic acids to alcohols.
Exercise-wise Discussion for MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 9 Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives
Chapter 9 – Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives of MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions consists of two levels i.e. Level 1 and Level 2. Both the level consists of different types of questions that are explained below.
Level 1: In this level of MS Chauhan General Organic Chemistry Solutions, there are a total of 70 questions. These are objective type questions which are considered important for the preparation of competitive exams like JEE and NEET. Preparing these questions will help you score good marks in the exams.
Level 2: This level of MS Chauhan Chapter 9 Solutions consists of a total of 2 questions. There are two different types of questions available at this level. One question is the subjective type questions whereas the second one is the match the following in which you need to match the options given in Column I with the correct option of Column II. Practice well to make your concepts stronger.
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