MS Chauhan Alcohol, Either, Expodises Solutions (Chapter 6)
MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 6 deals with the concepts of preparation of alcohol and epoxides. These solutions prepared by the expert Chemistry teachers at Instasolv will help you in solving the questions competently and efficiently. Our main aim is to provide you with the detailed and step-wise explanations of all the problems given in the chapter of MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions for Chapter 6 Alcohol, Either, Expodises at a single web page to avoid any hassle.
Some of the main topics of Organic Chemistry MS Chauhan Solutions for Chapter 6 nomenclature and properties alcohol, synthesis of alcohols, reactions of alcohols, nomenclature and preparation of epoxides, synthesis and cleavage of ethers, ring-opening reactions of epoxides, nomenclature and properties of ethers. These MS Chauhan Solutions will prove helpful for you to score high marks in your academics as well as the entrance exams like JEE and NEET.
MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 6 Alcohol, Either, Expodises has 2 main levels with around 169 questions in total. There are different types of questions available for practice including very short answer type questions, subjective type problems, and multiple-choice questions. We have curated the detailed solutions of this chapter so that there is no space for any kind of doubt regarding the concepts of alcohol, either, exposes. Follow the MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions for Class 11 and 12 provided by Instasolv now to clear your concepts and excel in your exams.
Important Topics for MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 6 Alcohol, Either, Expodises
Alcohol is an organic compound that consists of a hydroxyl group (-OH) that is bound to a carbon atom, which in turn is bound to other hydrogen and/or carbon atoms. In general usage, alcohol mentions almost always to ethanol. The four types of alcohol available include ethyl, denatured, isopropyl, and rubbing. The one that we all are familiar with and is considered favourite is ethyl alcohol. It is also called ethanol or grain alcohol. It’s prepared by fermenting sugar and yeast and is used in wine, beer, and liquor.
Physical Properties of Alcohol
- The Boiling Point of Alcohols
Alcohols usually have greater boiling points with that compared to other hydrocarbons having equivalent molecular masses. This is because of the existence of an intermolecular hydrogen connection between hydroxyl groups of alcohol molecules. Normally, the boiling point of alcohol rises with a rise in the number of carbon atoms in the aliphatic carbon chain. However, the boiling point reduces with a decrease in splitting in aliphatic carbon chains the Van der Waals forces reduce with a decrease in surface area. Therefore, primary alcohols have a greater boiling point.
- Solubility of Alcohols
The solubility of alcohol in water is directed by the existence of the hydroxyl group. These groups are included in the development of intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Therefore, hydrogen bonds are created between water and alcohol molecules which make alcohol soluble in water. Though, the alkyl group connected to the hydroxyl group is hydrophobic in nature. Hence, the solubility of alcohol reduces with the rise in the size of the alkyl group.
- The Acidity of Alcohols
Alcohols respond with dynamic metals including sodium, potassium, etc. to create consistent alkoxide. These reactions of alcohol point to their acidic nature. The acidic nature of alcohol is because of the polarity of –OH bond. The acidity of alcohol reduces when an electron-donating group is connected to the hydroxyl group as it rises the electron density on the oxygen atom.
Chemical Properties of Alcohols
Alcohols show an extensive range of impulsive chemical reactions due to the cleavage of the C-O bond and O-H bond. Some conspicuous chemical reactions of alcohols are listed below:
- Oxidation of Alcohol: Alcohols experience oxidation in the existence of an oxidizing agent to generate aldehydes and ketones which upon further oxidation offer carboxylic acids.
- Dehydration of Alcohol: Upon action with protic acids, alcohols experience dehydration to produce alkenes.
Ethers are defined as a period of organic compounds that consists of an ether group—an oxygen atom associated with two alkyl or aryl groups. Ethers usually have the general formula R–O–R′, where R and R′ signify the alkyl or aryl groups.
Physical Properties of Ethers
- An ether particle has a net dipole moment because of the polarity of C-O bonds.
- The boiling point of ethers is similar to the alkanes but much lesser than that of alcohols of similar molecular mass even though the polarity of the C-O bond. The miscibility of ethers with water look like those of alcohol.
- Ether particles are miscible in water. This is recognized to the fact that like alcohol, the oxygen atom of ether can also produce hydrogen bonds with a water particle.
Exercise-wise Discussion for MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions Chapter 6 Alcohol, Either, Expodises
Chapter 6 – Alcohol, Either, Expodises of MS Chauhan Organic Chemistry Solutions has 2 main levels with a total of 169 questions. The detailed description of these exercises is provided below:
Level 1: This is the first level of Organic Chemistry MS Chauhan Solutions for Chapter 6. It contains 157 objective type questions. Practising these questions will help you clear your concepts on nomenclature and properties alcohol, synthesis of alcohols, reactions of alcohols, nomenclature and preparation of epoxides, synthesis and cleavage of ethers. It is considered a very important exercise from the entrance exam point of view.
Level 2: This level of MS Chauhan Alcohol, Either, Expodises Solutions consists of a total of 12 questions. There are two different types of questions available at this level including very short answer type questions and subjective type questions based on ring-opening reactions of epoxides, nomenclature and properties of ethers. Practice well to make your concepts stronger.
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