NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Chapter 16 Solutions: Management of Natural Resources

NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Solutions for Chapter 16 ‘Sustainable Management of Natural Resources’ will explain to you how we use the resources of nature in our daily lives. This chapter NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science covers essential topics like pollution in river Ganga, five R’s to save the environment, forest, and wildlife, Chipko Movement, building of dams, water harvesting, etc.

NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Chapter 16 covers problems like multiple choice questions, short answer questions, and long answer questions. There are 37 exemplar problems in this chapter that are crucial for your CBSE exams preparation. All the questions are designed as per the latest CBSE guidelines for Class 10 Science syllabus and exams.

You will find all the solutions to all the NCERT Exemplar problems for Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science here with proper explanations. The team of Instasolv is proficient and explains every question step by step, which ensures a deeper understanding of the concept. Instasolv’s team strives to create the best quality content for you through these NCERT Exemplar solutions.

Important Topics for NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Solutions Chapter 16:  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Pollution in Ganga

  •  People dump untreated sewage, excreta, and chemicals into Ganga and thereby making it toxic and polluted. The river Ganga is used as a sewage dump for more than 100 cities in India. 
  • In 1985 the GAP (Ganga Action Plan) project was initialized in 1985 to repress the poor quality of the water.

5 R’s to Save the Environment

  • Refuse: saying NO to things that we don’t need. 
  • Reduce: using less and saving things like water, electricity, etc. 
  • Reuse: Using things again instead of throwing them. For example, reusing plastic utensils and clothes 
  • Repurpose: carefully using cracked items for some other useful purpose. 
  • Recycle: segregating things from waste first and then using them to manufacture different products.

Forests and Wildlife

  • Forests are called biodiversity hotspots. Forests give us many products that we use in our daily lives. In this section, we will learn why forest management has become the need of the hour.

  • Loss of biodiversity might result in the loss of ecological balance. When we consider the conservation of forests we must consider the following stakeholders: Forest Department of the Government, industrialists who use the wood for the paper mills and other products, conservationists and wildlife enthusiasts.


  • Monoculture is defined as the cultivation of a single crop in a given particular area.
  • Excessive monoculture harms the biodiversity of a specific area.

People Intervention in Forests

  • Humans must intervene in the management of forest resources, and these resources should be utilized effectively. 
  • The Bishnoi community in Rajasthan attempts to save Khejri trees in Jodhpur Rajasthan. In West Bengal, villagers involved themselves in the protection of 1,272 hectares of severely degraded sal forest.

Chipko Movement

  • The Chipko Andolan (‘Hug the Trees Movement’) was a forest conservation movement that started in Reni, Garhwal (Uttrakhand). 
  • There was a conflict between the local villagers and logging contractors who had been cutting trees of the village. 
  • The women of the town protested and started hugging the trees to prevent the workers from cutting the trees. 
  • Finally, the contractor had to withdraw. After this, the movement became popular throughout India.

Water Management

Water is the most essential and basic necessity of all forms of life. In this section, you will learn about various ways through which we can conserve water. It includes dams and water harvesting systems. 

  • Dams store large amounts of water and help in generating electricity.
  • Water harvesting is an age-old concept in India. Khakis, tanks, and nadis in Rajasthan, tals in Maharashtra, bundhis in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, kulhs in Himachal Pradesh are some of the old water harvesting techniques. 
  •  Groundwater is advantageous as it does not evaporate, recharges well, and provides moisture for vegetation over a wide area.

Coal and Petroleum

  • Coal and petroleum are non-renewable resources and are derived from fossil fuels. 
  • We need proper management for the consumption of fossil fuels because they are depleting with time.

Exercise Discussion of NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Solutions Chapter 16:  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

  • The exercise of this chapter contains 37 questions in total. There are 24 multiple-choice questions, 7 short answer questions, and 6 long answer questions. All these questions judge your overall understanding of the chapter.  
  • In multiple-choice questions, you have to choose the correct answer from the given 4 options. 
  • In short answer questions, you must write a brief and justified explanation. In this section, you find some topics like advantages of water harvesting, conservation of coal and petroleum, water reservoirs, etc
  • In the long answer questions, you must give a detailed answer which covers everything that is asked in the question. In this section of the exercise, you will come across some important topics like the 5 R’s, forest as a resource, water conservation, rainwater harvesting etc.

Why Use NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science Solutions Chapter 16:  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources by Instasolv?

  •  The team of experts at Instasolv provides authentic and best possible solutions to all the NCERT Exemplar problems of Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science. 
  • We have curated all solutions according to the latest CBSE exam pattern. 
  • To meet your learning needs, our team believes in clearing your every doubt and provide you thorough guidance on the chapter which you will get through our NCERT Exemplar solutions. 

 The NCERT Exemplar Class 10 Science solutions by Instasolv are tailored in a straightforward manner that ensures complete understanding.