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NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 5 Solutions: States of Matter

NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 5 contain various important concepts connected to intermolecular forces and how they affect the physical state of a material. It also deals with numerous other significant concepts related to the liquid and gaseous states of matter. The topics covered in this chapter of NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry include intermolecular forces, the ideal gas equation, thermal energy, gas laws, the deviation of gases from ideal behaviour, the kinetic theory of gases, liquefaction of gases, and the liquid state.

There are 6 exercises in this NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry Solutions for Chapter 5 with a total of 55 questions based on the concepts of states of matter. The different types of questions available are short answer type questions, long answer type questions, match the following, reasoning types, and multiple answer type questions. In this chapter, you will solve a variety of questions based on individual topics of states of matter.

These NCERT Exemplar Problems and Solutions are solved by the best Chemistry teachers at Instasolv. The team has great experience and has an in-depth knowledge of the subject. So, if you feel stuck while preparing for Chapter 5 – States of Matter, then refer to our exemplar problems with solutions at any time for free.

Important Topics for NCERT Chemistry Exemplar Solutions Class 11 Chapter 5 – States of Matter

Intermolecular Forces

The forces that facilitate connections between molecules, containing the forces of like or dislike which act between molecules and other types of neighbouring elements. For example, atoms or ions.

Boyle’s Law

Boyle’s Law describes that the volume of a certain mass of gas is directly proportional to the absolute temperature at continuous pressure. It is stated as PV = k where P refers to pressure, V is volume and k is a constant term. This law is also known as the Boyle-Mariotte law or Mariotte’s law.

Charles’ Law

Charles’s Law describes that the volume of a certain mass of gas is inversely proportional to the absolute pressure at a continuous temperature. It is stated as V/T = k where V refers to the volume of gas, T is the temperature of the gas, and k is a constant term. The temperature is measured on a Kelvin scale. This law is also known as the law of volumes.

Gay Lussac’s Law

Gay-Lussac’s Law describes that the pressure of a certain mass of gas varies directly with the absolute temperature of the gas when the volume is kept continuous.

Avogadro Law

Avogadro’s law describes that the equal volumes of all gases, at a similar temperature and pressure, have a similar number of molecules.

Viscosity

Viscosity refers to the resistance of a fluid to a change in shape, or movement of neighbouring servings relative to one another. It represents opposition to flow. The reciprocal of the viscosity is known as the fluidity. For example, Molasses has a larger viscosity than water.

Exercise-wise Discussion of NCERT Chemistry Exemplar Solutions Class 11 Chapter 5 – States of Matter

Exercise 5.1 – Multiple Choice Questions I

This exercise consists of a total of 13 exemplar problems which are objective type questions based on intermolecular forces, the ideal gas equation, thermal energy, gas laws, the deviation of gases from ideal behaviour.

Exercise 5.2 – Multiple Choice Questions II

Exercise 5.2 also contains 4 multiple-choice questions where two or more options given may be correct.

Exercise 5.3 –Short Answer Types Questions

In this exercise of Chapter 5 – States of Matter there are a total of 23 exemplar problems that are based on the concepts connected to intermolecular forces and how they affect the physical state of a material.

Exercise 5.4 – Match the following

This exercise has 3 exemplar problems and is important to prepare for the exams as these questions help you analyze your analytical skills.

Exercise 5.5 – Assertion and Reason Type

Exercise 5.5 of NCERT Exemplar Chemistry Solutions has 6 exemplar problems. These are high order thinking questions that will help you make your concepts stronger.

Exercise 5.6 – Long Answer Type Questions

NCERT Class 11 Exemplar for Chemistry Chapter 5 Exercise 5.2 contains a total of 6 exemplar problems. They are long answer type questions related to the significant concepts related to the liquid and gaseous states of matter. 

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