NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 10 Solutions: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Solutions Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes assist you to prepare well for the CBSE Board exams. NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chemistry Class 12 solutions of chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes deal with the study of different methods of reactions, preparation methods, and uses of polyhalogen compounds. This Exemplar book contains important questions of the NCERT textbook which is relevant to the CBSE board exam point of view.

Problems in NCERT Exemplar book of chapter 10 have 97 Exemplar problems are segregated into 5 sections namely: MCQs, SA, Matching type, Assertion and Reason type, and Long answer type questions. These questions cover the major portion of this chapter in a stepwise manner and aid you to be familiar with the classification of haloalkanes and haloarenes, nomenclature, about physical and chemical properties, polyhalogen compounds, and about the nature of C-X bond, etc.

Instasolv has provided its subject experts with the sole purpose to guide the students with detailed knowledge about the particular topic. CBSE Class 12 students always have pressure in their minds to perform well not only in their board examination but also in entrance examinations. Thus, Instasolv provides you with the solutions to difficult Exemplar problems in a simple step-by-step manner. It also gives some formulas and tricks that may help you in stressful situations during the examination.

Important Topics for NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Solutions Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

In this unit, you will get to learn with the different methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, applications of organometallic compounds, about polyhalogen compounds and their environmental effects. You will also be able to name the haloalkanes and haloarenes with their IUPAC nomenclature. Let’s have a look at some of the key concepts of this chapter.

  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes:

When a hydrogen atom in (aliphatic or aromatic) compounds is replaced by the halogens, it results in the formation of haloalkanes and haloarenes.

Haloalkanes are the resulting compound when a hydrogen atom is removed from aliphatic hydrocarbons and replaced with the halogen atoms. They are also termed as alkyl halides.

For exampleEthyl bromide − CH3CH2 − Br (sp3C)

Haloarenes are formed if we remove a hydrogen atom from aromatic hydrocarbons and replace it with the halogen atoms. These are also known as aryl halides.

For example- Bromobenzene − C6H5Br (sp2C)

  • Classification of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes:

Haloalkanes and haloarenes can be classified in three ways :

  1. Based on the number of halogen atoms
  2. Compounds at which halogen atoms are attached to an sp3 hybridized carbon.
  3. Compounds at which halogen atoms are attached to the sp2 hybridized carbon.
  • Nature of C-X bond-

As you know, halogen atoms are more electronegative than the carbon atom. That means halogen atoms have more electron attracting power than the carbon atoms, which produces inductive effect and carbon-halogen bonded atoms get polarised. Carbon atoms bear the partial positive charge whereas halogen atoms have a partial negative charge.

Since, you know that the elements, having more electronegative power, can attract the shared electrons more. As a result, carbon-halogen bond length will also increase from C-F to C-I.

  • Methods of Preparation:

There are typically four types of preparation techniques involved in the formation of haloalkanes and haloarenes. Let’s have a look at these types:

  1. From alcohol
  2. From hydrocarbons.
  3. By halogen exchange reaction.
  4. By the addition of halogens and hydrogen halides.
  • Polyhalogen Compounds:

Polyhalogen compounds are those types of compounds which are having more than one type of halogen atom(elements existing in group 17 of the modern periodic table). These compounds are used commonly in the agriculture and industrial sectors. Polyhalogen compounds are widely used for many purposes such as pesticides, anaesthetics, and solvents, etc.

Some of the well-known polyhalogen compounds are:

  1. Methylene chloride.
  2. Chloroform
  3. Iodoform
  4. Tetrachloride
  5. DDT
  6. Carbon tetrachloride
  7. Benzene hexachloride. 
  • Important Name Reactions in Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Here are some important reactions involved in this NCERT Exemplar Chapter 1: haloalkanes and haloarenes.

  1. Finkelstein Reaction.
  2. Swarts Reaction
  3. Hunsdiecker Reaction
  4. Wurtz Reaction
  5. Sandmeyer’s Reaction:
  6. Fitting Reaction

Apart from these topics, haloalkanes and Haloarenes are also used for industrial purposes, used as flame retardants, propellants, refrigerators, solvents, fire extinguishers, and pharmaceuticals, etc.

Discussion of Exercises of NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry solutions Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • The first set of questions are of MCQ types. They are further categorized into two types: MCQ 1 & MCQ 2. This section has 43 NCERT Exemplar problems in total. Type 1 consists of 31 questions while type 2 has 12 Exemplar problems. The questions are generally from the different stereochemical reactions such as SN1, SN2, nucleophilic & electrophilic substitutions. Some reactions to the preparation methods also. some questions are also from nomenclature part as well
  • The second set of questions are short answer types. This section contains 34 NCERT Exemplar problems. These questions need your knowledge on certain topics like elimination reactions, reaction mechanisms like SN1 & SN2, solubility and factors,  polyhalogen compounds, on the reactivity of haloalkanes and haloarenes, nomenclature, etc. There are some reason based questions that are also asked in this section.
  • The third section is of matching type questions, where you need to match the columns. This section has 6 NCERT Exemplar problems. There are some questions at which you should know the concepts of alkyl halides. Some questions are from the reaction part as well, you need to know the reactions such as Fitting reaction, Sandmeyer reaction, electrophilic & nucleophilic reactions, etc.
  • The next set of questions are of assertion and reason type. It has 5 NCERT Exemplar problems. In the following questions, a statement of assertion followed by a statement of reason is given. You have to choose the correct one out.
  • The fifth set of questions involves long answers where you need to show expertise on solving problems in Elimination reactions and reactivity of halides, etc This section involves three questions. 

Why Use NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Solutions Chapter 10 by Instasolv?

NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Solutions Chapter 10 by Instasolv provided by Instasolv gives the right tools and techniques to students for effectively learning any topic. The questions are framed in such a manner so that students will get familiar with the concepts easily. Instasolv understands the situation, providing easy stepwise solutions through which students get knowledge over the whole CBSE syllabus. Regular practice with these solutions will take you to a great level of confidence.