NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Chapter 9 Solutions: The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings

NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Solutions for Chapter 9 will help you understand the Chapter thoroughly. NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Chapter 9 Living Organisms and Their Surroundings includes topics like living organisms and their surrounding (habitat), different types of habitats, their characteristics and reproduction. There are 4 exercises carrying 27 questions to solve in this Chapter. 

The subject matter experts for Class 6 Science at Instasolv have created the Exemplar Solutions for NCERT Science for Chapter 9. These Solutions cover all the topics of the Chapter like the process of respiration, adaptation, biotic and abiotic components. They aid you in understanding the core processes and science related to the human body, animals, and the environment. 

All the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Chapter 9 are listed below exercise-wise. Each Solution includes a complete explanation along with relevant diagrams and bullet points. This way it will be easy for you to solve your doubts in Chapter 9. The Solutions are easily accessible on our website so you can refer to them anytime you get stuck. 

Important Topics of NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Chapter 9

The NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 9 include information about living organisms, different habitats, respiration, reproduction, and excretion to clear all the concepts related to the Chapter. They will help you in learning all the new phenomena of Science explained in Chapter 9- ‘Living Organisms and Their Surroundings’. We have listed below the summary of all the important topics of the Chapter. 

Living Organisms

Living organisms are any individual entity that embodies life. All living organisms are made up of cells which are the smallest, structural and functional unit of life. Living things have certain common characteristics such as they need food, they respire and excrete, respond to their environment, reproduce, grow, and show movement.


All living organisms have a certain habitat. A habitat can be defined as the physical and biological environment where a species finds food, shelter, protection, and mates for reproduction. Different living creatures have different preferences for habitat. Some can live in extremely high temperatures whereas, some can only live and survive in colder areas. 

There are many types of habitats. However, these may be broadly grouped as terrestrial (on land) and aquatic (in water). 

Several kinds of plants and animals share the same kind of habitat. There’s also a wide variety of organisms present in different habitats. Different habitats have different physical, chemical and biological conditions such as some habitats have high temperatures while the others have low temperatures. 

Different animals have different preferences for habitats. Over time, animals also get adapted to their surroundings in different ways. 


All living organisms have certain features that help them live in their surroundings or their habitat. Like the camel lives in a desert area because its body structure helps it to survive in desert areas. Camels have long legs that keep their bodies away from the heat of the sand. They excrete a small amount of urine, their dung is dry and they do not sweat.

Since camels lose very little water from their bodies, they can live for many days without water. The presence of specific features that enables the plants or animals to live in their surroundings is called adaptation.

Biotic and Abiotic Components

Biotic components include all the living creatures present on the earth such as plants, animals, and humans.

Abiotic components include all the non-living things found on the earth such as rocks, pebbles, water, air, sunlight, mountains, rivers, and lakes.

Aquatic Habitat

The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called aquatic habitats, for example, swamps, lakes, rivers, ponds, sea, and ocean. 

Terrestrial Habitat

The habitats of plants and animals that live on land are called terrestrial habitats such as forests, grassland, deserts, mountain regions, and coastal areas. 


Respiration is the process in which the cells of the body obtain energy by releasing carbon dioxide, water, and ATP and combine oxygen and glucose. In short, respiration is a part of inhalation and exhalation air. In respiration living organisms extract the energy stored in complex molecules and use it to generate ATP. 


All living organisms produce the same copies of themselves which are known as their offspring. The process of producing offspring is known as reproduction. Reproduction is of two types: sexual and asexual.

In sexual reproduction, the cells of the offspring have the same traits as their parents such as in the case of humans and animals whereas, asexual reproduction occurs by dividing or budding such as in unicellular organisms like protozoa and bacteria, etc. 


Excretion can be defined as the process of discarding unused food. All living organisms consume food but not all the food that is consumed is used. Only the required amount of food utilized in the body and the rest of the food removed from the body as waste material. The process of getting rid of waste food is known as excretion. 

Here at Instasolv, we provide step by step NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Solutions for Chapter 9 to let you have better knowledge and improved marks. Hence, you must go through the NCERT Exemplar Solutions in order to aim for good marks in the CBSE exams. Let us now see why the NCERT Exemplar questions are important for you. 

About NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Chapter 9 Exercise Questions

  1. The NCERT Exemplar Exercises in Chapter 9 comprise conceptual questions related to the topics of the Chapter that will help you develop a strong base of the Subject.
  2. There are different kinds of questions such as multiple-choice questions, short answer type questions, fill in the blanks, and long answer type questions that you need to solve in this Chapter. 
  3. There are long answer type questions about Adaptation in which you are required to explain the concept in detail. 
  4. Many questions are based on your level of understanding of the topics, for instance, the question where you need to suggest ‘How Paheli can grow more roses in her garden?’. You can write the correct answer to this question only if you understand the concept of asexual reproduction in plants. 
  5. Solving the Exemplar exercise will also help you improve your score in the exam if you go through the subject matter in detail.
  6. The NCERT Exemplar mainly requires the Solutions to be elaborate and simple. So take your time and read the Chapter carefully before you begin to solve the exercises. 

Instasolv’s NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Solutions for Chapter 9 will give you a complete idea of how to answer conceptual based questions. Whether it be the topic of habitat or biotic and abiotic components of the earth, you will get to know how to write the perfect answer and get full marks in the exam by reading our Solutions.