NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds is a useful collection of answers to the questions asked in chapter 4. This chapter tells you about the element carbon and a wide range of carbon-containing compounds occurring in biological systems and other natural resources. It further discusses the nature of bonding in carbon compounds, their nomenclature and chemical reactions in detail.

All the 15 questions asked at the end of chapter cover all the concepts taught in NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 4. The questions are given in the chapter to help you test your knowledge about the covalent bond, homologous series, physical properties of carbon compounds, types of chemical reactions like addition, hydrogenation shown by carbon compounds, and the principle behind cleansing action of soap.

Carbon and its Compounds provide comprehensive answers to all the questions in a detailed manner. They have been drafted expert science teachers on the basis of the latest Class 10 CBSE syllabus. They help you prepare strong fundamentals in this branch of chemistry so that you can score excellent marks in class 10th board exams and handle the higher class studies well. They

NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds

Class 10 Science Carbon and its Compounds let you know that most of the substances around us, including us, are made up of carbon compounds. Our exhaustive NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4- Carbon and its Compounds give you an in-depth conceptual clarity. Some of the concepts covered here have been discussed below. 

  • Bonding in Carbon – The Covalent Bond

This part of the chapter tells you that a carbon atom has a valency of four and it shares its valence electrons with other atoms like carbon, hydrogen and other elements to complete its octet and the resultant bond is known as a covalent bond.

  • Versatile Nature of Carbon

This part of NCERT CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 4 lets you know about the unique property of carbon called catenation, which is the formation of long-chain structures of carbon atoms bonded through covalent bonds. This chapter further tells you that, as carbon has a valency of four, it can make covalent bonds with four different atoms at a time to give a wide variety of compounds and these bonds are strong bonds ensuring the stability of the compounds formed. 

  • Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds

This part of the chapter tells you that two carbon atoms can be joined through three different types of bond- first, when two carbon atoms share only one pair of electron between them to give a single bond and hence a saturated compound; second, the formation of unsaturation compounds when two carbon atoms either share two pairs of electrons to form a double bond or share three pairs of electrons to form a triple bond.

  • Chains, Branches and Rings

This portion tells you that carbon chains formed by forming covalent bonds between carbon atoms can exist in the form of straight chains, branched chains (alternative arrangement of a straight-chain compound) or rings. 

  • Homologous series 

In this portion of CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 4, you learn that family of compounds formed by the addition of a particular carbon-containing unit each time is known as homologous series.  In homologous series, the same functional group is attached to carbon chains of different lengths. It further tells you that there is a general formula to depict a homologous series and there is a gradation in physical properties.

  • Nomenclature of carbon compounds 

The names of carbon compounds in a homologous series are derived from the name of the basic carbon chain modified by a “prefix” or “suffix” indicating the nature of the functional group.

  • Chemical properties of carbon compounds

This chapter tells you about most of the fuels we use are carbon compounds. It further lets you learn about the types of chemical reactions shown by carbon compounds. It teaches you about combustion reactions which are reactions of carbon compounds with oxygen giving out carbon dioxide, water, heat and light. It elaborates about the oxidation of carbon compounds using oxidising agents to obtain carboxylic acid.

This chapter also explains about additional reactions of unsaturated carbon compounds where hydrogen atoms are added across the double and triple bonds. It gives you a brief about the substitution of hydrogen atoms by halogen atoms in the presence of sunlight to give haloalkane. 

  • Some Important Carbon Compounds Ethanol and Ethanoic acid

This topic of the chapter tells you about two commercially important compound ethanol and ethanoic acid and their physical and chemical properties.

  • Soaps and Detergents

The last topic of chapter 4 of CBSE NCERT Class 10 Science book explains the mechanism lying behind the action of soaps and detergents that is based on the presence of both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups in the molecule, helping to emulsify the oily dirt and hence its removal.

NCERT CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Exercise

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4- Carbon and Its Compounds answers all questions given at the end of the chapter in a step by step manner. They help you learn complex topics easily. The exercise comprises 15 questions. They have been talked about below.

  • Questions 1 to 3 are is multiple-choice type questions based on covalent bond, functional group and physical properties of carbon compounds.
  • Questions 4 and 5 are direct questions asking you about the covalent bond and its depiction through electron dot structures.
  • Question 6 is a direct question on homologous series.
  • Question 7 is a differential question that asks you to differentiate between alcoholic and carboxylic acid functional groups.
  • Questions 8, 10, 11 and 15 are based on the concept and mechanism of cleaning action by soap and require you to use analytical and memory skills.
  • Question 9 asks you about the use of carbon compounds as fuels.
  • Questions 12 and 13 ask you about hydrogenation and addition reactions.
  • Question14 is a differential question and asks you to differentiate between butter and cooking oil through a chemical test. 

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and its Compounds

Studying our Carbon and Its Compounds comes with a number of crucial benefits some of them are given below.

  • The solutions for all the question asked in NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and its Compounds have been drafted as per the latest CBSE Syllabus. They are a hundred per cent accurate.
  • They cover all concepts in details and help you become thorough with all topics the chapter.
  • They help you learn fast and effectively.  
  • They help make learning a very fascinating, engaging and enjoyable process.
  • Our smart learning techniques help you learn quickly, retain more and ace your board exams.