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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday life

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life provide comprehensive coverage in a detailed manner. This chapter enables you to visualise and appreciate the importance of Chemistry in daily life. It explicitly explains some medical terms like chemotherapy and describes the basis of the classification of drugs. It also explains the drug-target interaction of enzymes and receptors and how various types of drugs function in our body. You also come to know about food additives and preservatives, artificial sweetening agents and details about cleansing agents.

You can find 27 questions at the end of the chapter. All of these questions have been answered, following all the guidelines given by CBSE and NCERT Solutions. These are designed to cover all the concepts taught in NCERT CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16. The direct and explanatory questions asked in this chapter are based on the drug classification, drug-target interaction mechanisms, types of drugs, their actions and uses, food additive molecules, names of soaps and synthetic detergents and methods to prepare the mechanism behind action of soap and biodegradable detergents.

All of these questions have been answered accurately precisely and in a simple language in our Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life solutions The solutions are framed in such a way that they make the learning process engaging, interactive and efficient.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life includes all the concepts of this chapter. They give you an in-depth conceptual understanding of the topics and subtopics of this chapter. The main concepts talked about in this chapter are as follows. 

  • Drugs and Their Classification

This part of the chapter tells you that drugs are the low molecular weight molecules chemical agents which affect human metabolism and cure the targeted ailments when taken in prescribed doses. Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals for therapeutic effect. 

This part of the chapter tells you that drugs can be classified on the basis of pharmacological effects, drug action, chemical structure and molecular targets.

  • Drug Target Interaction

This part of the Class 12 Chemistry in Everyday Life chapter tells you that drugs interact with the target biological macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Enzymes responsible for biocatalysis are proteins in nature, receptors responsible for the communication system in the body are proteins. Drug target interaction is explained using examples of enzymes and receptors. Drugs are designed to interact with some specific targets so that they do not affect other targets. This minimises the side effects and specifies the drug action.

  • Therapeutic Actions of Different Classes of Drugs

This portion of the NCERT CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 teaches you about the main classes of drugs based on their therapeutic action. Antacids are used to counteract the overproduction of acids in the stomach, and an example is a cimetidine.

Here you will also learn that antihistamines compete with histamine molecules stopping its effect in the body. For example, terfenadine. Tranquilisers are neurologically active molecules intercepting the message transfer mechanism from nerve to receptor. Chlordiazepoxide is a tranquiliser.

This chapter tells you how analgesics are used to reduce pain without causing any neurological effect, and these are of two types – non-narcotic and narcotic drugs. Antimicrobials are the drugs which destroy/prevent development or growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, other pathogens. Antibiotics are used for either checking the growth (bacteriostatic) or killing (bactericidal) the bacteria.

This chapter further elaborates about how Antiseptics and disinfectants are a class of compounds which are used to kill or check the growth of microorganisms when applied on affected animate surfaces or inanimate surfaces. The same substance can act as both disinfectant and antiseptic in different concentrations. Antifertility drugs are the compounds which are used to control population growth, and an example is norethindrone. 

  • Chemicals in Food

This part of the CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 tells you that food additives are added to food in order to preserve them, enhance their appeal, increase their nutritive value, and stabilise them. Artificial sweetening agents are added to make food sweet as an alternative to natural sweeteners which increase calorie intake in the body. Food preservatives are means of preventing spoilage of food and manipulate various mechanisms of actions. 

  • Cleansing Agents

This part of the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 tells you that detergents are the chemical compounds used for cleaning purposes. Soaps and synthetic detergents are two types of detergents. Soaps are Na or K salts of long-chain fatty acids are prepared through the process of saponification.

Here you will learn that there are many types of soaps such as toilet soaps, soaps that float on water, transparent soaps, medicated soaps, shaving soaps, and scouring soaps. They are used according to specific requirements.

This part further tells you that synthetic detergents are classified into three main categories, namely, anionic, cationic and non-ionic, with each category having its specific uses. Detergents with the straight chain of hydrocarbons are preferred over the ones with a branched-chain as the latter are non-biodegradable and consequently cause environmental pollution.

CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 Exercise

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life consists of 27 questions covering the important topics learnt. The components of the exercise have been listed below.

  • Question 1 is based on the classification of drugs.
  • Questions 2, and 11, are explanatory questions.
  • Questions 3 is a direct question asking to name the macromolecules used as drug targets.
  • Question 4 is a reasoning question.
  • Question 5 asks for the definition of chemotherapy.
  • Question 6 and 7 are based on drug enzyme interaction.
  • Question 8 is based on antidepressant drugs.
  • Question 9 asks for the definition of broad-spectrum antibiotic.
  • Question 10 is a differential question.
  • Questions 12 to 14 are direct questions asking about components of antiseptic and disinfectants.
  • Questions 15 to 19 are based on food preservatives and artificial sweeteners.
  • Question 20 to 22 are based on synthetic detergents.
  • Question 23 is a reasoning question.
  • Questions 24 to 26 are based on the mechanism for cleansing action of soaps.
  • Question 27 asks you to label the hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts of given compounds.

There are 5 intext questions asked in CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 to which suitable answers are provided in our solutions. These questions are based on types of drugs, food additives and synthetic detergents. They are in addition to the main questions asked at the end and provide an additional scope of practice to you.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 12th Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life

Some of the major benefits of referring to NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life for learning and revising are as follows –

  • They help you build a strong conceptual foundation of the molecules used in various ways in our day to day life.
  • Our NCERT solutions give you tips and techniques to remember and correctly apply the learnt concepts. 
  • They are a handy source of reference for learning all the topics mentioned in this chapter and effective revision during board exams. 
  • They give you a fair idea of the types of questions asked in various exams and the best ways to solve the same.
  • They clarify all your doubts, instantly.