An aqueous solution of a non-volati...
Question
Fullscreen

An aqueous solution of a non-volatile and non-electrolytic substance boils at 100.5°C. Calculate the osmotic pressure of this solution at 27°C. Ko for water per 1000 g = 0.50.

JEE/Engineering Exams
Chemistry
Solution
258
Rating
4.0 (1 ratings)
Fullscreen
2. For the solution of the given substance, [ begin{array}{c} Delta T_{b}=100.5-100=0.5^{circ} Delta T_{b}=K_{b} m end{array} ] ( therefore ) [ m=frac{Delta T_{b}}{K_{b}}=frac{0.5}{0.50}=1 ] Thus, the given solution is a molal solution, i.e., 1 mole of the solute is present in 1000 g of the solvent. since the solvent is water, its density may be taken to be equal to one. ( therefore ) Volume of solution ( = ) Volume of solvent [ =frac{1000}{1}=1000 mathrm{mL}=1 mathrm{L} ] Thus, ( n=1, V=1 L, T=27^{circ} mathrm{C}=300 mathrm{K} ) and ( R=0.0821 ) ( mathrm{L} ) atm ( mathrm{K}^{-1} mathrm{mol}^{-1} ) ( because V=n R T ) : ( pi=frac{n R T}{V}=frac{1 times 0.0821 times 300}{1} ) [ =24.63 mathrm{atm} ] Hence, the osmotic pressure of the given solution is 24.63 atm.
Quick and Stepwise Solutions Just click and Send Download App OVER 20 LAKH QUESTIONS ANSWERED Download App for Free