Consider the following cell reactio...
Question

Consider the following cell reaction 2Fe(s) +02(g) + 4H*(aq) →2Fe2+ (aq) + 2H,0(1), E = 167V At [Fe2+1=10-3M,Po2 = 0.1 atm and pH = 3, the cell potential at 25°C is

JEE/Engineering Exams
Chemistry
Solution
134
1.0 (2 ratings)
( mathrm{pH}=-log left[mathrm{H}^{+}right] ) ( 3=-log left[mathrm{H}^{+}right] ) -antilog ( 3=left[mathrm{H}^{+}right] ) Therefore, ( left[mathrm{H}^{+}right]=10^{-3} mathrm{M} ) Oxidation half reaction: ( left.mathrm{Fe}(mathrm{s}) rightarrow mathrm{Fe}^{2+}+2 mathrm{e}^{-} quadright] times 2 ) ( 4 mathrm{H}^{+}+mathrm{O}_{2}+4 mathrm{e}^{-} rightarrow 2 mathrm{H}_{2} mathrm{O} ) Number of electrons involved, ( n=4 ) Cell potential is given as, Ecell ( =mathrm{E}^{circ} ) cell ( -frac{0.529}{mathrm{n}} log frac{left[mathrm{Fe}^{2+}right]^{2}}{left[mathrm{H}^{+}right]^{4}} ) ( mathrm{Ecell}=1.67-frac{0.529}{4} log frac{left[10^{-3}right]^{2}}{left[10^{-3}right]^{4}} ) Ecell ( =1.67-0.13225 log 10^{6} ) ( mathrm{Ecell}=1.67-0.13225 times 6 ) ( mathrm{Ecell}=1.67-0.7935=0.8765 mathrm{V} )
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