Xam Idea Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Solutions: Matter In Our Surroundings

Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions for Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings are created by our subject matter experts as per the latest CBSE curriculum and exam pattern. These Xam Idea Solutions include all the important topics of the chapter like latent heat, states of matter, and changes in the state of matter and particle orientation. The chapter deals with the basics like time and temperature graphs, endothermic changes, and exothermic changes.

Our Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions contain extensive theory-based explanations in order to help you in strengthening the concepts and fundamentals of the chapter. You will also learn about the concepts of evaporation, sublimation and boiling easily with the help of our solutions.

Our Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions for Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings include 6 exercises. There are very short answer type questions, short answer type questions, long answer type questions, higher-order thinking skills and value-based questions. Once you solve these questions you will learn to deal with problems which tackle different concepts of heat, characteristics of different states of matter and conversion of matter from one state to another.

Important Topics for Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

States of Matter

You would have studied about the different states of matter in your junior classes. In this chapter, you will have a revision of all your earlier learnt concepts and you will get to indulge deeper in the idea about the matter and its existence. You will deal with the characteristics of different states, their conversion and the conditions which allow the change to take place.

Characteristics of Particles of Matter

In this chapter, you will come across different states of matter and their characteristics. You will also get to learn that anything that has weight and occupies space is termed as matter. The matter is composed of particles and you will also get to learn about the characteristics of Particles of Matter. Some of these characteristics are –

  • The particles of matter have space between them and it is this space which determines whether the matter is solid liquid or gaseous in the state. If there is no or very little space between the particles, they are known as solids, if there is moderate space they are known as liquids and in case of the space is a lot, they are known as liquids. 
  • Force of attraction between the particles is also a characteristic which decides the orientation of matter. If the force of attraction is very strong, the matter is known as  Solids. In case if the particles attract each other with a relatively moderate force, the state is liquid and if there is a negligible force of attraction between the particles, they are gaseous in nature. 

Change in the State of Matter 

In this chapter, you will also learn about the different states of matter and their conversion. You will come across the processes like freezing, boiling and vaporization. With the change in conditions like the temperature and pressure, the particles which comprise the matter also tend to undergo changes. You will learn about these changes through the very common example of water and the ways in which it changes state from solid (ice) to liquid and to steam. 


In this chapter, you will learn that the density of a substance is the mass per unit volume of that substance. It is one of the characteristic properties through which states of matter can be detected. You will also get to learn that the SI Unit of density is Kg metre3

Effects of Change of Pressure

As discussed earlier, in this chapter you will learn about the changes that occur in the orientation of matter and its states when the conditions are changed. The pressure is amongst the primary factors which tend to cause changes. When the pressure in a liquid increase it turns into solid and when that pressure decreases it turns into its gaseous form.

Exercise Discussion for Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

Very Short Answer Type Questions 


  • This exercise has a total of 14 questions.
  • The first question enquiries if there is any similarity in the material.
  • The second question requires you to detect the characteristic of matter which is illustrated in the condition given along with the question.
  • The third question requires you to name the property that is exhibited by the inflated balloon experiment.
  • The fourth question wants you to analyse the process of addition of Dettol to water and then name it.
  • The fifth question presents two conditions of matter and you are required to name the physical states which exist in that manner.
  • The sixth question has two characteristics regarding particle orientation and you are required to detect the states of matter to which they belong.
  • The seventh question requires you to define density and give its SI unit. 
  • The eighth question comprises three different substances and you are required to tell which of them has the highest force of attraction. 
  • The ninth question is reasoning based and requires you to explain why gas tends to exert more pressure on the wall of a container as compared to solids. 
  • The tenth question again provides many different substances and requires you to detect which of them diffuses faster. 
  • Then there is question eleven which again is reasoning based and requires you to reason why water droplets are seen on the outer surface of a glass which contains ice water. 
  • The twelfth question discusses if the material can exist in all the three forms
  • The thirteenth question deals with the concept of kinetic energy and the last question deals with the analysis of a temperature-time graph. 


Short Answer Type Questions 


  • There are 18 questions in this exercise. 
  • The exercise begins with an observation-based which revolves around the potassium permanganate experiment forming purple colour.
  • The second question discusses the reason why solids tend to have a geometrical shape. 
  • Then there are discussions regarding gasses being compressible and the stretching of rubber bands.
  • The fifth question discusses why steam at 100 degrees C has more heat than water at the same temperature.
  • The sixth question discusses ways in which melting and boiling points are useful. The seventh question also deals with the same concept.
  • There are questions regarding the fusion of ice, latent heat and dry ice. 
  • Question 11 deals with time and temperature graphs.
  • There are some simple experiment-based questions like question number 12 and some observation-based questions like 14 and 15.
  • The last three questions of the exercise deal with daily life instances and require you to support them with fundamentals learnt from the chapter. 


Short Answer Type Questions 


  • The exercise has 10 questions in total 
  • The first question requires you to enlist four properties from the state of matter given in the question. 
  • In the second question, you need to give an activity which demonstrates diffusion.
  • Then there are questions about diffusion, osmosis, energy exchange, sublimation and interconversion of three states of matter. 
  • Question seven deals with the time and temperature graph of a beaker containing water and ice.
  • There are questions about the evaporation of a liquid, boiling and conditions which increase the rate of evaporation. 
  • The last question requires you to present differences between the process of boiling and evaporation. 


Long Answer Type Questions 


  • This exercise has 5 questions only.
  • All the questions in this exercise are based on activities and experiments. 
  • You are required to present observations about motion of particles in different states of matter, melting point, state of change, latent heat, temperature, humidity, wind speed, nature of the liquid, surface area, crystallization and dissolution. 


HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills)


  • There are 7 questions in this exercise.
  • The first question is a diagram based where you are required to draw the arrangements of particles of the different parts labelled in the diagram. 
  • The second question requires you to explain why a small volume of water in a kettle can fill the kitchen with steam. 
  • Then there are questions about freezing temperature of the water, physical state and exothermic and endothermic changes. 
  •  The last question requires you to explain why water as steam may cause severe burns while water as ice has a cooling effect. 


Value-Based Question s


  • There are just two questions in this exercise.
  • These questions deal with the problems based on daily lives with respect to the basics from the chapter and at the same time inculcate values like curiosity and observation in the students. 


Why Use Solutions for Xam Idea Science Class 9 Chapter 1 – Matter in our surroundings by Instasolv?


  • We have given special attention in ensuring that all our answers are provided according to the guidelines and syllabus of the CBSE. 
  • We have ensured that each and every question from the chapter has been entertained and resolved with care in our Xam Idea solutions for Class 9 Science. 
  • Our Xam Idea Class 9 Science Solutions Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings are formulated by experienced and proficient individuals, whose research and devoted work has made our solutions reliable and trustworthy. 
  • Our Xam Idea solutions are completely free of cost and absolutely easy to access.